5. Water penetration

Water penetration is important to minimise run-off, which can cause erosion, and to optimise the amount of water available to vine root systems. Processes to improve poor penetration and allow sufficient drainage can improve vineyard performance and reduce risks of environmental damage.

No best practice guideline has been defined for Water penetration.

Minimum Standard

If soil penetration is poor, improve it by using at least one of the following: adding gypsum, compost, manure, a cover crop, soil ripping between vine rows.