1. Soil management planning and policy

A good understanding of soil condition is the first step in developing a plan to maintain or improve it. Soil analysis can be used to better understand soil type and condition, and also to diagnose soil and nutrient problems. A documented soil management plan will help identify the processes for protection and improvement of soil and vine health. A plan will also provide a structural and considered approach to optimising crop production and economic productivity.

No best practice guideline has been defined for Soil management planning and policy.

Minimum Standard

Have a soil management plan that identifies site suitable practices and includes a commitment to soil protection.

The plan should include:

  • Site & soil description (including soil texture and structure evaluation, organic matter and nutrient status).
  • A record of cultural interventions carried out in the vineyard.
  • Time frames for undertaking soil nutrient, soil compaction, vine, petiole and sap analysis.
  • Evaluation of current practices used to:
    • Manage the vineyard floor
    • Minimise soil erosion by water and/or air
    • Maintain or improve soil organic matter
    • Maintain or improve soil structure
    • Maintain fertility, fauna, micro-flora and natural vegetative status
    • Minimise soil compaction
    • Cultivate the soil
    • Maintain good water penetration