3. Integrated pest control measures


The goal of integrated pest management is not to eradicate pests but to control them using a range of management tools. The first line of defence is prevention, which involves managing the vineyard in a way that discourages pest proliferation and maintains optimal crop production. Preventative measures are often cost-effective and pose little environmental risk. Once preventative measures are no longer effective or efficient, then alternative treatment for pests and diseases should be selected, only if the cost of the action does not exceed the damage the pest/disease will cause if no action is taken. Using biological (e.g. predator enhancement strategies), cultural, mechanical and physical control methods (e.g. pest-resistant crop varieties and canopy management), and reducing reliance on agrochemicals minimises the impact on the receiving environment and can reduce costs.

Best Practice
A.

The effectiveness of pest management decisions is evaluated after every growing season.

Best Practice
B.

When an insect or mite spray is necessary, treat only that portion of the vineyard where a problem exists, such as edges or ‘hot spots’, not the whole vineyard.

Minimum Standard
C.

Use biological, cultural, mechanical and physical control methods if practical and economical, in conjunction with other techniques, such as selective chemicals.

Minimum Standard
D.

Preventative measures for pests, diseases and weeds are prioritised over intervention with direct plant protection measures.

Minimum Standard
E.

Practice resistance management by rotating pesticides and not using chemicals with the same mode of action consecutively.